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Written by Super User Category: Article
Published on 26 June 2014 Hits: 10063
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Confucius (551-479 BC) is a Great thinker. Confucius name is Qiu, the other name is Zhongni. He was born in the Lu state (This state was in the south of modern-day Shandong province) in the later days of the Spring and Autumn Period. Confucius was from a warrior family. His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationship, justice and sincerity.
Confucius set a lofty ideal for individuals and the state alike: the ideal human being is one who never lapses in the pursuit of self-improvement; there is always room for improvement. Knowledge and education are sought not only to advance one’s own moral character, but more importantly to better equip oneself to help others.
Confucius was also a great educator. During that time only children of aristocrats could study. Confucius supported «equal training», he taught his pupils on equal base, despite of their family position. Confucius opened his private school which later became a blow on monopoly of the authorities in the field of education. Confucius had over three thousand pupils, 72 of them became well-known persons in the history. Confucius taught the pupils on their learning abilities, used different method to everyone. He often spoke to the pupils: «the Knowledge needs to be renewed incessantly». He demanded from the pupils to learn with thought and to receive knowledge consciously.
Confucius's teachings were later turned into an elaborate set of rules and practices by his numerous disciples and followers who organized his teachings into the Analects.