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Written by Super User Category: Article
Published on 26 June 2014 Hits: 20110
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The capital

Beijing

The State’s flag

 flag kit

The five-star red flag. The ratio of its length to the breadth is 3: 2

The State’s national anthem

Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves; 
With our very flesh and blood 
Let us build our new Great Wall! 
The peoples of China are in the most critical time, 
Everybody must roar his defiance. 
Arise! Arise! Arise! 
Millions of hearts with one mind, 
Brave the enemy's gunfire, 
March on! Brave the enemy's gunfire, 
March on! March on! March on, on!

The date of the foundation of PRC

October 1st , 1949

The Chairman of the PRC

 

Xi Jinping

The Premier of the State Council of the PRC

Li Keqiang

The supreme legislative body

 The National People's Congress

The geographical situation

China locates in the Eastern hemisphere, in Eastern Asia on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean

The territory of the PRC

9.6 million. sq km in size, the 3-rd place in the world, behind only Russia and Canada

Largest cities

Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Chongqing

Currency

Renminbi (RMB)

Length measure

Metric system

Relief

 

Elevation height above sea level increases from East to West; the mountains make up 33.3% of the total area of the country, the Highlands-26%, lowlands and valleys-18.8%, Plains-12%, hilly terrain-9.9%.

Islands

In the territorial waters of the PRC are 5400 Islands. The largest of these Taiwan (36 sq km), the second largest, Hainan (34 sq km).

Mountain ranges 

 

In the world of 19 peaks over 7000 m high above the sea level, 7 of which are in the territory or at the borders of the Republic of China. On the so-called "roof of the world", the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, is the highest mountain ranges. The height of the Himalayas is an average of 6000 m above sea level, mount Qomolangma is 8844.43 meters above sea level and  is the highest mountain in the world

China's  largest river

 

6300 km long the Yangtze River, ranks the third after the Nile and the Amazon. The second largest river in China is the Yellow River, with a length of 5464 km.

The largest gorge

Tsangpo River Gorge (Âluczanbuczân) on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, with a length of 504.6 km and a depth of 6009 meters is the largest in the world.

Lakes

 

Lake Poyang with an area of 3583 sq. m. km, locates on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River plain is the largest fresh water lake in China. Lake Qinghai with an area of 4583 sq. km, is the largest Salt Lake.

Climate

Most parts of China are located in temperate and subtropical climatic zones, part of the South is located in the tropical zone and the northern regions bordering the cold zone.

Fauna

China has more than 2070 species of vertebrate animals, it amounts to 9.8% of all vertebrate animals all over the world. Among them are more than 1170 birds, about 400 animals and 184 species of amphibians.  They respectively make up 13.5%, 11.3% and 7.3% of the world.

Flora

In China you can find almost all kinds of plants, which are characteristic for the cold, temperate and tropical climates of the northern hemisphere, only the higher plants more than 24600 views.

The population

According to the 2010 year’s statistics the total population is over 1.3 billion.

Nationalities

There are 56 nationalities in China. Han nationality alone 1.225 billion. It takes up 91.59% of the total population of the 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, including members of the armed forces on active duty; the rest 55 nationalitiesm, 1137792 people or 8.49%.

 

Languages and writing

With the exception of using Chinese Manchus and Hui, the remaining 53 ethnic groups have their own languages, 21 of them have their own written languages, in General use27 kinds of writing.

       Holidays

 

 

Chinese public holidays:

New Year's day (1 January);

The Spring Festival (lunar new year);

Ching Ming Festival Holiday (Memorial Day, April 5 of the lunar calendar);

International Labor’s Day (May 1);

Duan wu Festival (May 5 of the lunar calendar);

Mid-Autumn Day (August 15 of the lunar calendar);

National Day (October 1).